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Our very good chums Tony Sealey and Richard Essen have been burrowing in the British Newspaper Archives looking through pre-war copies of the Daily and Sunday Mirrors that were added to the archive over the summer. Thanks to their efforts I've been to update the Tottenham Hotspur Change Kit section with six previously unrecordedstrips, such as these red and white rugby shirts worn in November 1925, as well as a number of corrections and adjustments to dates.
Included in the material Tony and Rich sent me was this cutting of Norwich City v Southend United from September 1925. This is the first photographic evidence I have seen that conirms the design of the unusual yellow and green chevron worn by Norwich at the time.
In my post about the mystery white Everton shirt on 23 November I mentioned the possibility that it may have been worn in the 1988 Mercantile Trophy. Nik Yeomans has now provided me with a match programme that has a photograph of the Manchester United - Everton tie in question which shows the Toffees in an all-blue strip. It looks like that white shirt was never worn in a competitive game.
In September 1982 Aberdeen travelled to Albania to play Dinamo Tirana in the European Cup-Winners Cup and wore this one-off strip, basically identical to their regular outfit but with contrasting V necks and cuffs.
I'm grateful to Martin Johnston, General Manager of Peterhead FC, who has submitted a photograph of the team's 1946-47 strip which provides us with details about the design of the crest worn around this time.
This strip, worn by Stockport County in 1968-69, has always been one of my favourites. At the time strips were remarkably unifom and plain so teams that adopted more unconventional styles like this one really stood out.
(Photograph Football League Review.)
This colourised photograph shows England playing Germany at White Hart Lane on 4 December 1935. This is the only occasion on which England wore change shirts prior to the outbreak of the Second World War. Incidentally, the staunchly amateur FA insisted that players provide their own dark knickers and socks up until 1932. It appears likely that they were finally stung by press criticism of the amateurish appearance of the English national team into providing uniform kits in 1932.
(Photograph may be subject to copyright.)
Steve Flanagan has found some interesting background to the strips worn in the 1933 FA Cup final between Everton and Manchester City. Prior to the game, in accordance with FA Cup rules, the clubs agreed their colours for the match. City would play in red shirts and white knickers while Everton would wear white shirts, black shorts and socks, all with blue trimmings. As the senior club, Everton thought they were entitled to retain a blue motif but they reckoned without the disdainful approach of the FA to the professional game. On 11 April the Liverpool Echo reported, "A real bolt from the blue has happened in regard to the FA Cup final....Now the FA has ruled that both clubs shall leave blue entirely out of the picture."
The dark shade of City's tops in contemporary photographs led me to believe they were maroon but this is our old adversary, orthographic film stock at work. According to the official match programme they wore scarlet shirts.
City were back in the final the following season when, according to the match programme, they did wear maroon.
(Photograph may be subject to copyright.)
This odd Everton shirt was featured several times in News & Updates as far back as 2008 and it seems that questions about it have been circulating on social media recently. In September 2008 David France and Steve Flanagan confirmed that this was the team's official third shirt between 1986 and 1989 but it was never worn in a competitive match. If it was used it may have appeared in August 1988 at Old Trafford when Everton were beaten 1-0 by Manchester United in the Mercantile Trophy, a one-off competition organised to mark the centenary of the Football League, but I've not been able to confirm this. Since it continues to turn up like the proverbial bad penny I've now added it to the archive.
Ian McConnel has submitted another batch of minor amendments for Scottish clubs, this time for 2018-19. Rangers (1st, 2nd, 3rd), St Mirren, Kilmarnock, Hamilton Academical, St Johnstone, Hibernian, Motherwell.
I have finally got round to reviewing Paul Brett's personal collection of Shrewsbury Town shirts, photographs of which he recently posted on his website, Shrewsbury Town Football Shirts 1974 to Present. Armed with this material I have been able to update a lot od detailing on shirts between 1982 and 1999.
30 October - More Scottish Post-War Updates
Clyde (Aug-Sept 1946, October 1946 added), Greenock Morton (1948-49 added - see left), Heart of Midlothian (March 1949-1950 added), Stirling Albion (1949-50 added), Queen of the South (1947-52 socks modified), Raith Rovers (1949-50 socks modified).
29 October - Scottish Post-War Kits
Ian McConnel has been scouring through his collection of Rangers match programmes and come up with some amendments for the late 1940s. St Mirren (1945-46 collar and stripes corrected), Dundee (Feb-April 1946 added), Alloa Athletic (1945-46 added).
On the left is the unfortunate Stenhousemuir goalkeeper, "supported" by one of his defenders, failng to stop a corner flying directly into his goal in high winds. The action is from a Scottish Victory Cup match against Rangers in April 1946 ('Gers won 8-2 on aggregate). Stenhousemuir had been inactive during the war but did participate in the Scottish Southern League B Division in 1945-46. It is not clear why they are wearing hooped jerseys in this game as there was no reason for them to change their normal maroon tops but it is possible that as clothing was rationed, they could not get hold of these and wore hoops as a temporary alternative.
Incidentally, while researching the background to this match I discovered that the Warriors were wound up in May 1919 and reconstituted as a new club to avoid paying their debts. Sound familiar?
28 October - Darlington FC Update
Last month I was taken to task by Sam Clarke over my Darlington section where I stated that the club was effectively wound up when it was expelled from the Conference in 2012, relegated to the ninth tier and made to change its name to Darlington 1883. Sam, who was involved in the efforts to save the club, provided me with a detailed account of the events that followed their expulsion and argued that the club was not wound up and that the team now once again playing as Darlington FC, is the direct descendant of the club formed in 1883 and not, as I had stated, a phoenix club. I am, as always, happy to set the record straight and have reinstated the Quakers' section in line with my policy for former members of the Football League.
The photograph, the earliest to have emerged of the team, is captioned on Wikipedia as dating from 1887 but the trophy on display appears to be the Durham Senior Cup, which they won in 1884-85. Furthermore the player in an all-dark strip seated next to the trophy is Arthur Wharton, who made a single appearance for the Quakers in 1885-86 before joining Preston North End where he became the world's first black professional footballer.
27 October - More From the Elves
Lee Gauntlett has discovered that Aston Villa wore blue shirts in the FA Cup against Arsenal in January 1931 who wore white, while Roger Pashby has found this photograph from 1933 that definitively shows the light blue bands on Villa's heavy, woollen change jersey.
After going through my own source material I realised that there were numerous errors, which, in my defence, arose because many of the photographs I was working from were of poor quality. These have now been removed and I think the record for 1900-1939 is now pretty sound.
Meanwhile Tony Sealey has scanned the British Newspaper Archive and confirmed that Swansea Town wore white knickers throughout the 1930s and Nik Yeomans has submiited photographic evidence to corroborate this for 1934-35 and 1935-36 as well as provide evidence of the socks worn in these two seasons.
Senior Scottish Elf, Alick Milne has submitted new evidence about the colours of the four clubs that amalgamated to form the modern Aberdeen FC in 1903. This includes contemporary press cuttings and photographs from the Aberdeen FC Official Website, including this one of the original Aberdeen club from 1885.
Within hours of seeing yesterday's piece about Swansea Town, HFK Elf Tony Sealey got in touch to confirm that the Swans wore white shorts at Vetch Field when they played Spurs in March 1931 and again in March 1932. We can now confirm that the black shorts worn in the team photograph posted yesterday were therefore not part of their regular playing strip. I am still looking for corroboration for the period 1932-1936.
Lee Gauntlett has sent me a cutting that describes Aston Villa wearing jerseys that were "white with blue hoops" against West Ham United on 6 February 1932. The photograph of the corresponding match in January 1931 (a 5-5 thriller) shows Villa in similar tops but with a claret band.
(Photograph West Ham United FC)
Taken in April 1933 when Villa visited the Arsenal, this image shows the same jerseys that were worn in 1930-31. Because the quality of both images is poor, it is very hard to make out the light blue bands but after enhancing both pictures with my graphics software I was just able to make them out. It's my opinion that these jerseys were worn throughout 1930-33 and that the journalist quoted above just missed out (or his sub-editor removed) a reference to the claret band.
While we're on the subject of Aston Villa, Richard Henman recalls watching them in a League Cup match at Exeter City in August 1977 wearing a mash up of blue shirts with yellow trim, light blue shorts and socks. Apparently Villa had brought their white and blue away strip not realising that the Grecians had changed to all white that season. Should have checked their Rothman's. You can watch footage of the match here on the BFI website.
In 1978 Motherwell organised a competition for younger supporters to design their strip for the 1978-79 season. The winning design, produced by Admiral, featured a large flappy collar with claret and white stripes. In September these were replaced by shirts with plain collars but with the team heading towards relegation, the new design was dropped and the shirts from the previous season were reintroduced in February. This did not improve their fortunes and 'Well went down at the end of the season.
(Photographs and background provided by Willie Kay.)
21 October - Historical Miscellany
Some time ago Gordon Hulmes sent me this photograph of Swansea Town taken in 1931-32 when his grandfather played for the team. The players are wearing black shorts but as it was not taken on a match day we cannot be certain that this was their regular strip. This led me to revisit to the excellent swans100 website where I found a lot of new material that fills in a many gaps in the record. While I now have strong evidence that the Swans wore black shorts in the early 1950s, there is a gap between 1929 and 1937 so I have not been able to corroborate this entry. I would really appreciate help from the HFK Elves on this one!
Nick from the splendid upthemaggies website has been in touch to confirm that Notts County were still refered to as "the chocolate and light blues" in the local press during 1889-90. The royal blue shorts worn at Preston North End (reported in the Athletic News 3 March 1890) are therefore an anomoly. There was no reason for County to change their colours (Preston wore white by this time) so I can only speculate that the Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway mislaid their kit hamper en route forcing the team to borrow a set of kit on arrival.
Thanks to Graham Burton, I've added a passage in the Barnsley section explaining the origin of the name of their ground, Oakwell. Workington 1974-75 crest corrected. Berwick Rangers (1990-91, 1991-92, 1992-94 dates and detailing amended). Stockport County (1964-65 crest added).
20 October - International Update
I've added England's new strips to the archive. Here we have Harry Kane expressing a degree of disappointment as his team lost 1-0 to Denmark and had two players sent off last month. I have just one thing to say to the people at Nike and the FA who decided to introduce a blue change strip - Belo Horizonte 29 June 1950.
Northern Ireland wore an all-white strip against Austria earlier this month.
Week Ending 17 October - 2020-21 Update
SPFL Update: Alloa Athletic, Annan Athletic, Arbroath, Brechin City, Edinburgh City*, Forfar Athletic, Greenock Morton, Peterhead*, Stenhousemuir*.
Former SPFL Members: Berwick Rangers (sponsorship added).
And that, aside from one or two sponsorship details still to be announced, wraps it up for the 2020-21 season. Next week I'll resume work on historical material.
Week Ending 3 October
Earlier this month Macclesfield Town were wound up in the Insolvency & Companies Court. The club's owner, Amar Alkadi had asked for a further eight-week adjournment but Judge Sebastian Prentis declined, noting that the case had already been adjourned 12 times since it was started in January 2019. Alkadi had been given "ample time" to pay off the club's creditors, he said. In the interim, the club was penalised 17 points by the EFL for repeated late payment of their players and failing to fulfill two of their fixtures.
It is a scandal that the EFL and the FA continue allow incompetant, greedy and predatory owners to drive clubs into the ground. What makes this even more appalling is that the EFL has been sitting on proposals to tighten up their Owners' and Directors' Test since July 2018. After Bury were expelled from the EFL in August 2019 I wrote "it is only a matter of time before history repeats itself."
The photograph shows the Silkmen in happier times, 1969-70, when the team went on to win the FA Trophy.
Tony Sealey found this photograph of the 1902-03 Blackburn Rovers team in The Sunday Pictorial (3 November 1929). This nicely fills a gap in the record for the early 20th century. While the shirts look plain white, this is an illusion caused by our old nemesis, orthographic film stock.
(Cutting from the National Newspaper Archive.)
Dundee (2019-20 shorts corrected): Stockport County (1991-92, 1992-93, 1998-99 detailing added/altered): Crawley Town (1996-97 added): Bury (1956-58 crest added): Nottingham Forest (1947-48 added): New Brighton (1924-28 corrected, 1927-38 socks amended): Bolton Wanderers (2002 anniversary kit stripes amended): Millwall (1975-77 warm & cold weather shirts now presented, authentic 1994 crest added): Cheltenham Town (1993-95 added): Gillingham (1980-81 collar corrected): Crawley Town (1998-99 shorts/socks confirmed): Salford City (1997-98 added): Burnley (2000-01, 2001-02 drop-sleeve detail added):
Week Ending 26 September - 2020-21 Update
Scottish Championship: Raith Rovers, Dunfermline Athletic, Heart of Midlothian, Inverness Caledonian Thistle, Queen of the South.
Scottish League One: Falkirk, Clyde, Cove Rangers, Dumbarton, Airdrieonians, East Fife, Montrose*, Partick Thistle.
Scottish League Two: Stranraer, Elgin City, Cowdenbeath, Albion Rovers, Queen's Park, Stirling Albion*.
Bernard Gallagher recently sent me this early photograph of West Bromwich Albion. This appeared in a report on the FA Cup Final replay in the Blackburn Standard on April 10 1886 but since the match was played on that day, it cannot be of the team that appeared in the replay. The process of developing a photographic plate and preparing it for reproduction in a newspaper could not have been completed in just a few hours. In fact it is an archive photograph dating from 5 September 1885 when Albion still wore cardinal red and light blue jerseys. They changed to navy and white stripes shortly afterwards. I originally found this in The A-Z of West Bromwich Albion (Tony Matthews 1996).
That was in the early days of HFK, before we had an army of research elves and when I could not afford to buy many books. At the time my work took me around the country so I contrived to have time to call in on libraries and book shops around the UK. On a trip to HMP Reading, for example, I was able to track down a copy of the Official History of Reading FC 1871-2003 in WH Smith.
I remember studying Tony Matthews' book in the Birmingham branch of Waterstones when a young shop assistant approached me and politely but firmly explained that I was welcome to browse the stock but sitting down with books and making notes was not allowed and perhaps I would like to leave.
Elgin City (1933-1914 knickers corrected, hooped 1909-10 kit removed - this was a change kit in yellow and black - gaps in the record 1969-76 now filled): Gillingham (2013-14 correct manufacturer's logo applied): Bradford City (1962-63): Accrington Stanley (1990-91, 1991-92 shorts & socks now confirmed).
Greger Lindberg found an interesting item in the Scottish Referee (24 March 1905). An unnamed sportswear manufacturer wrote, "As showing the superior quality of our football jerseys, we have again been favoured with instructions from the Scottish Football Association to supply jerseys for the great international matches - Scotland v England (primrose and pink), Scotland v Ireland (marone [sic]), Scotland v Wales (royal blue)." The photograph shows the match against England.
(Photograph FIFA. Press cutting the British Newspaper Archive.)
Week Ending 19 September - 2020-21 Update
League Two: Salford City.
That wraps it up for the Premier League and EFL apart from some former members. I'll tackle those once the SPFL section is complete.
Scottish Premiership: Hibernian, Kilmarnock, Livingston, Motherwell, Rangers, Ross County, St Johnstone, St Mirren.
Scottish Championship: Ayr United, Dundee.
Week Ending 12 September - 2020-21 Update
Premier League: Southampton (new sponsor added), Tottenham Hotspur (socks updated), Fulham.
Championship: Bristol City, Blackburn Rovers, Brentford, Swansea City, Queen's Parek Rangers.
League One: Hull City, Fleetwood Town, AFC Wimbledon (socks confirmed), Lincoln City, Bristol Rovers (socks updated), Charlton Athletic, Doncaster Rovers (socks confirmed), Gillingham*, Wigan Athletic.
League Two: Morecambe, Harrogate Town, Forest Green Rovers*, Crawley Town (socks confirmed), Exeter City, Leyton Orient, Newport County, Stevenage (shorts & socks confirmed).
Scottish Premiership: Aberdeen, Celtic, Dundee United, Hamilton Academical.
Week Ending 29 August - More on the New Boys
Harrogate Town (1964-65, 1998-99 added, 1977-78 socks corrected).
The Barrow section has had a major update with with eight new graphics, stockings 1920-31 altered and missing detailing added to numerous graphics.
Premier League: Leeds United.
Championship: Luton Town, Preston North End, Cardiff City, Coventry City.
League One: Portsmouth, Milton Keynes, AFC Wimbledon, Oxford United.
League Two: Southend United.
Former members: Notts County.
Week Ending 22 August - Harrogate Town Update
With the help of Sam Walsh and Phil Harrison I have been able to add no fewer than 27 new graphics to the Harrogate Town section and added detailing to several more. Our kit history now extends back to the formation of the original Harrogate AFC in 1919, pictured left.
(Photograph Phil Harrison)
Premier League: Burnley.
Championship: Huddersfield Town, Birmingham City, Stoke City, Derby County, Nottingham Forest, Reading, Millwall (shorts detailing corrected), Sheffield Wednesday.
League One: Peterborough United, Swindon Town, Shrewsbury Town, Rochdale.
League Two: Crawley Town, Port Vale.
Former members: Wrexham.
15 August - 2020-21 Update
My congratulations go to Harrogate Town who recently won promotion to League Two via the play-offs and whose recent kit record is now available on HFK. Pictured here is the Sulphurites team from 1956-57, currently the only confirmed strip we have prior to 1985 but I hope to rectify this shortly.
(Photograph Phil Harrison Official Club Historian.)
Premier League: Everton (socks corrected).
Championship: Wycombe Wanderers, Norwich City, Watford.
League Two: Stevenage, Barrow.
11 August - 2020-21 Update
Premier League: Aston Villa, Crystal Palace.
League One: Burton Albion.
Former members: Dagenham & Redbridge.
7 August - 2020-21 Update
Premier League: West Ham United.
League One: Sunderland, Ipswich Town.
League Two: Bolton Wanderers, Oldham Athletic, Scunthorpe United, Walsall.
6 August - 2020-21 Update
The 2020-21 Premier League/EFL gallery is now open.
Premier League: Wolverhampton Wanderers, Sheffield United, West Bromwich Albion, Tottenham Hotspur, Southampton.
Championship: Rotherham United.
League One: Doncaster Rovers, Plymouth Argyle.
League Two: Grimsby Town, Cheltenham Town (shorts/socks confirmed), Tranmere Rovers.