Historical Football Kits

 

Eminent Victorians (Northern England)

sheffield fc c1860The world's oldest football club and the first ever competition, the Youdan Cup, originated in Sheffield. Most teams in the north and midlands adopted the Sheffield Rules until 1878, when the Sheffield & Hallamshire FA adopted the FA rules completing the unification of the association code. Because of the importance of the city to the early development of the game there is a separate sub-section for the Shefffield clubs.

The Sheffield teams were essentially run by the middle classes while the players were working men from the steel and cutlery workshops that formed the mainstay of the local economy. Competition was limited to annual knock out tournaments and teams did not feel the need to compete for supremacy at least until The Wednesday, faced with mass defections of players, turned professional in 1887.

A more ruthlessly competitive movement developed across the Pennines in and around the cotton mill towns of Manchester, Blackburn, Bolton, Accrington and Darwen in the late 1870s. These were clubs set up and run by hard nosed businessmen with an eye for profit. They played in enclosed grounds where spectators could be charged admission and were aimed at attracting working men, who due to labour reforms now had Saturday afternoons free. Competition was intense and before long players were being offered illegal inducements to sign up. Players from Scotland, where the game was more advanced, were offered inducements in the form of jobs, housing and illicit cash payments to move south. These "Scotch Professors" had a considerable impact and led directly to the legalisation of professionalism in July 1885.

In the North-East the game also quickly took root in the coal mining communities, shipyards and heavily industrialised cities. Competition here was also fierce and many of the pioneering clubs went to the wall in the face of competition from those teams prepared to embrace professionalism.

While the middle class Sheffield clubs wilted in the face of the rising professional teams such as The Wednesday and Sheffield United, much of Yorkshire favoured the rugby code and it was not until the turn of the century that concerted efforts were made to establish the association game across the county.

Sources: Peter Ferrette, Pioneers of the North (P Joannou & A Candish 2009), Lost Teams of The North (M Bradbury 2016), Charles Alcock's Football Annuals 1873, 1876, 1877, 1879, 1880, 1881 researched by Robin Horton.

Photograph: The Telegraph

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Unknown
8th cheshire rifles

8th Cheshire Rifles

1873
Unknown
105th Light Infantry 1876

105th Light Infantry

1876
1879-Present
Alnwick 1879

Alnwick

1879
1878-c1905
astley bridge fc 1892

Astley Bridge

1892
Unknown
blackburn christ church fc 1879

Blackburn Christchurch

1879
Unknown
blackburn cob wall fc 1880

Blackburn Cob Wall

1880
1878-1889
blackburn olympic 1878

Blackburn Olympic

1878
1878-1889
blackburn olympic 1883

Blackburn Olympic

1883
1875-1902
blackburn park road fc 1880

Blackburn Park Road

1880
Unknown
blackburn rising sun fc 1880

Blackburn Rising Sun

1880
Unknown
blackburn st andrews fc 1879

Blackburn St Andrew's

1879
Unknown
blackburn st georges fc 1879

Blackburn St George's

1879
Unknown
blackburn st marks 1880

Blackburn St Mark's

1880
Unknown
bolton all saints fc 1880

Bolton All Saints

1880
Unknown
bolton emmanuel fc 1879

Bolton Emmanuel

1879
Unknown
bolton hornets fc 1880

Bolton Hornets

1880
Unknown
bolton north end fc 1879

Bolton North End

1879
c1878-1884
bolton olympic fc 1880

Bolton Olympic

1880
Unknown
bolton rovers fc 1879

Bolton Rovers

1879
Unkown
bolton st georges fc 1879

Bolton St George's

1879
Unknown
bolton st pauls fc 1879

Bolton St Paul's

1879
1864-Present
brigg fc 1877

Brigg

1877
1864-Present
brigg town fc 1880

Brigg Town

1880
1881-1882 RFU
Burnley Rovers rfc 1881

Burnley Rovers

1881
Unknown
burnopfield fc 1880

Burnopfield

1880
Unknown
carnforth fc 1879

Carnforth

1879
Unknown
castleton fc 1873

Castleton

1873
1874-1890
church fc 1874

Church

1874
Unknown
claughton rangers fc 1876

Claughton Rangers

1876
Unknown
congleton rovers fc 1873

Congelton Rovers

1873
Unknown
corbridge fc 1880

Corbridge

1880
Unknown
darnall fc 1879

Darnall

1879
Unknown
darwen foresters 1880

Darwen Foresters

1880
Unknown
darwen grasshoppers 1879

Darwen Grasshoppers

1879
Unknown
darwen lower 1879

Darwen Lower

1879
Unknown
darwen lower chapel 1879

Darwen Lower Chapel

1879
Unknown
darwen lunwood 1880

Darwen Lunwood

1880
Unknown
darwen rangers 1879

Darwen Rangers

1879
Unknown
darwen st james 1879

Darwen St James

1879
Unknown
derwent rovers fc 1880

Derwent Rovers

1880
1871-1873
donington school fc 1873

Donnington School

1873
1874-c1899
eagley fc 1879

Eagley

1874
Unknown
Earlestown 1881

Earlestown

1881
1873-1895
ecclesfield fc 1879

Ecclesfield

1879
Unknown
eckington fc 1880

Eckington

1880
Unknown
eldon fc 1880

Eldon

1880
Unknown
elsecar 1879

Elsecar

1879
Unknown
enfield fc 1880

Enfield

1880
Unknown
fery hill fc 1880

Ferry Hill

1880
1874-Present
grantham fc 1876

Grantham

1876
1877-1886
great lever fc 1879

Great Lever

Unknown
hainton fc 1876

Hainton

1876
1877-1892
halliwell fc 1879

Halliwell

1879
Unknown
halliwell jubilee fc 1880

Halliwell Jubilee

1880
Unknown
haslingden-association-1879

Haslingden Association

1879
Unknown
haslingden grange fc 1880

Haslingden Grange

1880
Unknown
haughton-le-skerne fc 1880

Haughton-le-Skerne

1880
Unknown
horncastle fc 1873

Horncastle

1873
Unknown
hull town afc 1880

Hull Town

1880
Unknown
hunslet afc 1879

Hunslet

1879
Unknown
lace fc 1877

Lace

1876
Unknown
leeds athletic fc

Leeds Athletic

1873
Unknown
lincoln fc 1873

Lincoln

1872
Unknown
lincoln fc 1877

Lincoln

1877
1882-Present
Liverpool Ramblers fc 1883

Liverpool Ramblers

1882
Unknown
blackburn livesey united 1879

Livesey United

1879
1874-c1894
lockwood brothers 1880

Lockwood Brothers

1880
1878-1898
manchester association 1876

Manchester Association

1876
Unknown
manchester wanderers 1880

Manchester Wanderers

1880
1880-1903 Northern RFU
Manningham RFC 1880

Manningham

1880
Unknown
middleton fc 1880

Middleton

1880
1883-??
Morpeth Harriers fc 1883

Morpeth Harriers

1883
1880-1885
Newcastle Association fc 1880

Newcastle Association

1880
1878-1885
Newcastle Rangers 1878

Newcastle Rangers

1878
Unknown
north eastern fc 1880

North Eastern

1880
1880-1910
oswaldtwistle rovers 1890

Oswaldtwistle Rovers

1890
Unknown
over darwen fc 1877

Over Darwen

1877
1878-1889
padiham fc 1880

Padiham

1876
1882-??
Prudhoe Rovers 1884

Prudhoe Rovers

1884
Unknown
redcar & coatham fc 1880

Redcar & Coatham

1880
1881-??
Rendel fc 1881

Rendel

1881
Unknown
rising sun 1881

Rising Sun

1881
Unknown
rossendale fc 1881

Rossendale

1881
Unknown
sedgefield fc 1880

Sedgefield

1880
1883-Present
Shankhouse fc 1885

Shankhouse

1885
1868-1999
south bank fc c1880

South Bank

1879-1899
south shore fc 1879

South Shore

1880
c1873-1885
spital united 1879

Spital United

1877
c1873-1885
spital united 1884

Spital United

1884
1884-??
St Mary's & St James' fc 1884

St Mary's & St James'

1884
1883-??
St Michael's fc 1883

St Michael's

1883
1871-1892
staveley fc 1879

Staveley

1879
1882-1975
Stockton fc 1882

Stockton

1882
1888-1892
sunderland albion fc

Sunderland Albion

1888
Unknown
teesdale warriors 1873

Teesdale Warriors

1873
1871-1910
Turton fc 1871

Turton

1871
1871-1910
turton fc 1879

Turton

1879
1877-1887
tyne asscociation fc 1877

Tyne Association

c1880
1883-1910
west hartlepool 1883

West Hartlepool

1883
Unknown
white cross fc 1880

White Cross

1880
1876-c1898
witton fc 1881

Witton

1881
Unknown
woodhouse mill fc 1879

Woodhouse Mill

1879
Unknown
woodseats fc 1879

Woodseats

1879
 

Sheffield Association

1872-c1900
albion 1877

Albion

1877
Unknown
Albion 1879

Albion

1879
Unknown
all saints victoria fc 1878

All Saints Victoria

1878
Unknown
Alliance 1879

Alliance

1879
Unknown
attercliffe fc 1876

Attercliffe

1876
Unknown
brightside fc 1876

Brightside

1876
Unknown
brightside 1880

Brightside

1880
Unknown
brincliffe fc 1873

Brincliffe

1873
1868-c1883
broomhall fc 1872

Broomhall

1872
Unknown
christ church fc  attercliffe 1873

Christ Church

1873
Unknown
crookes fc 1873

Crookes

1873
Unknown
derwent fc 1873

Derwent

1873
Unknown
dore 1876

Dore

1876
Unknown
endcliffe fc 1876

Endcliffe

1876
1863-1883
exchange fc 1873

Exchange

1873
Unknown
exchange brewery fc 1876

Exchange Brewery

1878
Unknown
fir vale fc

Fir Vale

1872
Unknown
gleadless fc 1876

Gleadless

1873
1860-Present
Hallam fc 1860

Hallam

1860
Unknown
handsworth woodhoouse fc 1876

Handsworth Woodhouse

1876
1862-c1900
Heeley fc 1867

Heeley

1872
1862-c1900
heeley fc 1879

Heeley

1879
Unknown
kimberworth fc 1876

Kimberworth

1876
1862-1872
mackenzie fc 1867

Mackenzie

1867
Unknown
millhouses fc 1877

Millhouses

1877
Unknown
mount st marys fc 1876

Mount St Mary's

1876
Unknown
newfield fc 1879

Newfield

1879
1861-c1882
norfolk fc 1867

Norfolk

1867
1861-c1882
norfolk fc 1873

Norfolk

1873
Unknown
norfolk works fc 1876

Norfolk Works

1876
1873-c1902
owlerton fc 1876

Owlerton

1876
1868-c1885
oxford fc (Sheffield) 1873

Oxford

1873
Unknown
parkwood springs fc 1876

Parkwood Springs

1876
1869-c1895
perseverance fc 1873

Perseverance

1873
Unknown
phoenix bessemer fc 1879

Phoenix Bessemer

1879
c1872-c1882
providence fc 1881

Providence

1880
Unknown
pye bank fc 1879

Pye Bank

1879
Unknown
rawmarsh fc 1876

Rawmarsh

1876
Unknown
rotherham fc 1876

Rotherham

1876
Unknown
saxons (sheffield) 1879

Saxons

1879
Unknown
sharrow rangers fc 1881

Sharrow Rangers

1881
1857-Present
Sheffield fc 1860

Sheffield

1860
Unknown
st andrews derby fc 1873

St Andrews Derby

1873
1870-c1902
surrey fc 1873

Surrey

1873
Unknown
talbot fc 1879

Talbot

1879
Unknown
talke rangers fc 1876

Talke Rangers

1876
1870-1879
thursday wanderers fc 1877

Thursday Wanderers

1877
Unknown
united mechanics fc 1873

United Mechanics

1873
1870-??
walkley fc 1873

Walkley

1873
1879-1882
Zulus fc 1879

Zulus

1879